Cognitive Flexibility’ Is Key To Learning And Creativity

IQ is often hailed as a crucial driver of success, particularly in fields such as science, innovation and technology. In fact, many people have an endless fascination with the IQ scores of famous people. But the truth is that some of the greatest achievements by our species have primarily relied on qualities such as creativity, imagination, curiosity and empathy.
Many of these traits are embedded in what scientists call “cognitive flexibility” – a skill that enables us to switch between different concepts, or to adapt behaviour to achieve goals in a novel or changing environment. It is essentially about learning to learn and being able to be flexible about the way you learn. This includes changing strategies for optimal decision-making. In our ongoing research, we are trying to work out how people can best boost their cognitive flexibility.

Barbara Jacquelyn Sahakian Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology, University of Cambridge
Christelle Langley Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Cambridge
Victoria Leong Psychology, Nanyang Technological University